This website has been designed, made and it’s being updated and enriched daily only for educational purposes. It is intended as a complementary tool that I use to make my teaching more effective and entertaining, through the selection of videos and other public contents that I find useful with respect to my teaching goals.  I use it during my classes along with more traditional resources (books, articles, tests and so on).

This website makes a wide use of public videos that can be watched and downloaded freely by anyone from video or content sharing free digital platforms (mainly you tube).

The Court of Justice of the European Union  ruled in 2014 that “embedding copyrighted videos is not copyright infringement, even if the source video was uploaded without permission”.

The Court argues that embedding a file or video is not a breach of creator’s copyrights under European law, as long as it’s not altered or communicated to a new public. Embedding videos already available on YouTube is not seen as a new communication.

TorrentFreak, a publication dedicated to bringing the latest news about copyright, privacy, and everything related to filesharing reports the Court’s verdict  that says that  “the embedding in a website of a protected work which is publicly accessible on another website by means of a link using the framing technology … does not by itself constitute communication to the public within the meaning of [the EU Copyright directive] to the extent that the relevant work is neither communicated to a new public nor by using a specific technical means different from that used for the original communication”.

For Internet users this means that they are protected from liability if they embed copyrighted videos or images from other websites.

According to article 107 – Limitations on exclusive rights “the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include— 

(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;

(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

Stating once again that my purposes are not of a commercial nature, but simply educational, should anyone think that by working on my website I’ve infringed his or her rights on copyrights please let me know writing an e-mail to the following address and I will  be willing to remove the video from my website.

I’m also willing to receive more general remarks or suggestions. I thank you  in advance for your collaboration.

Pietro Sanfilippo