The form be going to + base form is used to express future intentions, things that the subject has decided to do, or predictions, when a certain fact or action is expected to happen almost immediately or in a near future.

The following table shows the “be going to” form in the affirmative, negative, interrogative and interro-negative forms.

The form be going to + base form is used to express future intentions, things that the subject has decided to do.

Affirmative Negative Interrogative Negative Interrogative Examples
I’m going to buy I’m not going to buy Am I goign to buy? Am I not going to buy? I’m not going to buy that shirt. It’s too expensive.
We’re going to sell our car We aren’t going to sell our car Are you going to sell your car? Aren’t you going to sell your car? We’re going to sell our car before the end of the month
They’re going to help They aren’t going to help Are they going to help? Aren’t you going to help? They aren’t going to help the other students¬†

“Be going to” for future intentions

Use Examples
The subject expresses a strong intention to perform a certain action. The intention is very often premeditated and theaction is very likely to be performed. She’s going to study law at the University next year.

My parents are going to move to London soon.

Are you going to invite her to the party?

“Be going to” for predictions

Use Examples
When an action is expected to happen almost immediately or in the near future. There are signs that suggest that the prediction will occur very soon. Look at the sky! It’s getting darker. It’s going to rain very soon.

If you don’t leave immediately you’re going to miss the train.

The car’s engine has been making a strange noise since we left. I’m afraid the car is going to stop.

 

 

Be going to for future